Tuscaloosa (LST-1187) was laid down on
23 November 1968 at San Diego, California by the National Steel and Shipbuilding
Co. She was
launched on 6 September 1969 sponsored by Mrs. Thomas F. Connolly and commissioned on 24
October 1970 with Commander Harry W. Kinsley Jr. in command.
Tuscaloosa spent the remainder of the year alternating in underway and upkeep periods. On
4 January 1971 she began duty off the coast of California as a test ship evaluating John
C. Calhoun's (SSBN-630) sensors.
She continued a rigorous training schedule out of San Diego, her home port, into the
spring when she prepared for a deployment to the western Pacific. The tank landing ship
loaded a cargo of Quonset hut components and a tank-deck load of LVT's, tanks, and heavy
construction vehicles and departed the west coast on 18 May 1971.
Arriving at Okinawa on 1 June, Tuscaloosa unloaded and proceeded, via Subic Bay,
Philippines, to Danang, South Vietnam. After taking on a cargo of Marine Corps
equipment she returned home to San Diego on 6 July and began an extensive post-shakedown
availability which lasted into the fall. On 1 October Tuscaloosa got underway for a
seven-month WestPac deployment in company with Amphibious Squadron 5,
Tripoli (LPH-10), Duluth (LPD-9), Anchorage (LSD36), Mobile (LKA-115) and
For the remainder of the year, the landing ship conducted exercises and operations in the
Philippines and off Okinawa. She operated with marines, took part in amphibious
and ended the year at Sasebo, Japan.
The Tuscaloosa got underway for the Ryukyus on 4 January 1972 but was delayed by a collision
with a Japanese patrol craft. The next day, after an informal investigation ascertained
that she had not suffered any damage, she resumed her voyage to Okinawa where she embarked
marines and transported them to Yokosuka, Japan. Following repairs to her bow doors, the ship
sailed for the Philippines and arrived at Subic Bay on 16 February. There
a cargo of generators and delivered them to Vung Tau, South Vietnam.
Tuscaloosa returned to Japan soon thereafter, transporting marines and equipment, before she
headed back to the Philippines for amphibious exercises. Then, upon completion of these
exercises, Tuscaloosa got underway in company with the Mobile and Denver, and proceeded via
Okinawa to Vietnamese waters, arriving on "Yankee Station" in the Tonkin Gulf on
6 April. She remained on station until 3 May when she proceeded, via Danang, to Subic Bay.
Tuscaloosa subsequently returned to Vietnam and operated both at Danang and on
"Yankee Station" until late May.
The LST next supported Thailand contingency operations by transporting Marine Corps
equipment and Navy construction battalion tools. She then returned to Subic Bay and
pressed on to the United States at the end of her grueling 10-month deployment.
Tuscaloosa engaged in local operations and amphibious exercises off the California coast into
mid-1973 before she again deployed to WestPac on 29 August, her holds filled with Project
"Handclasp" material for delivery to communities in the Philippines.
later participated in Operation "Pagasa II" in conjunction with units of the
Philippine Navy and operated out of Subic Bay for the remainder of the year with calls at
Hong Kong and Kaohsiung, Taiwan on her itinerary.
Commencing 1974 with exercises with Korean naval units in Operation "Fly
Tuscaloosa visited Keelung, Taiwan, in late January, before departing Okinawa on 11
February 1974 and returning via Pearl Harbor to the west coast of the United States. The
next major item on Tuscaloosa's agenda was a major overhaul by the Todd Shipyards at
Seattle, Washington, which began on 9 July.
On 3 August an 11-man rescue and assistance party from the ship assisted Moctobi
(ATF-105) in rescuing USNS Lipan which had collided with another vessel in the Strait of
Juan de Fuca and lay dead in the water in danger of sinking. Prompt salvage efforts over a
three-day period enabled Lipan to return to port for repairs.
After Tuscaloosa's own repairs and overhaul had been completed she rejoined the fleet on
12 December and operated along the California coast into the spring of 1975. She again
deployed to WestPac on 1 April getting underway from San Diego in company with two Korean
mine craft and Barbour County (LST-1195) for Pearl Harbor and Okinawa
While Tuscaloosa and her three consorts sailed westward, the situation in Southeast Asia
deteriorated rapidly. Both the South Vietnamese and Cambodian governments were tottering
and their forces falling back under the onslaught of communist troops.
at Pearl Harbor on 6 April and proceeded on toward the Ryukyus on the same day. Arriving
at Okinawa on the 18th, the LST's crew urgently offloaded her cargo and pressed on the
next day for Subic Bay. After a full-power run, she arrived there on the 21st and embarked
280 stragglers who had been unable to return to their ships --Enterprise (CVAN-65), Midway (CVA-41), and Hancock (CVA-19) -- when the carriers pulled
out hurriedly to participate in "Frequent Wind", the evacuation of Saigon.
Tuscaloosa now turned-to in order to support Operation "New Life"
escorting 26 former
South Vietnamese Navy ships to the Philippines. During the seven-day passage she provided
over 200 pallets of food and medical supplies per day and earned the Meritorious Unit
Commendation while thus engaged. In addition, she sent salvage and repair parties to
various ships to effect any repairs necessary to keep the less seaworthy Vietnamese ships
afloat. Two craft were evacuated and sunk by gunfire from
Tuscaloosa to eliminate possible
hazards to navigation. In addition, four Vietnamese craft were temporarily taken
over by the United States Navy and placed under the command of four officers from
From Subic Bay, Tuscaloosa proceeded to Okinawa and, upon arrival there, was ordered to
make best possible speed for the Gulf of Thailand. Four days later, when nearly at her
destination, she was ordered to turn back. The evacuation of the area had been
and her services were no longer needed. Thereafter the LST continued routine operations
during this WestPac deployment before returning to the west coast of the United States on
17 November 1975. She conducted another deployment to the western Pacific during the
period 29 March to 17 November 1977 and spent the period 3 February to 10
December 1978 in regular overhaul at San Diego. Tuscaloosa continued to operate with the
Pacific Fleet into 1979.
The USS Tuscaloosa was decommissioned 18 February 1994 and transferred to the Venezuelan
Awards earned during the Vietnam War: Meritorious
Unit Commendation, RVN Campaign Medal with
60's device and the Vietnam Service Medal